Close

Research articles

Codependent Behaviours

Codependent Behaviours in the Family Family members often feel incredible guilt. They think that they are at fault. The chemically dependent person keeps denying responsibility, and someone must be held accountable, so the family member often takes the blame. These people will attempt to control their out-of-control environment in any […]

Read More

Characteristics of Codependency

According to Hands (1996), codependency is a complex set of behaviours, beliefs and attitudes involving: Care-taking Shame and low self-worth Controlling Obsession Repression and denial Lack of trust Anger Weak boundaries Neglect of self Typical manifestations of codependence are considered to be: Difficulty in identifying personal feelings Difficulty in acknowledging […]

Read More

Codependence

A codependent person has been defined as someone who is obsessed with controlling the person who is out of control (Beattie, 1987; Weinhold & Weinhold, 1989). This is essentially an extension of the disease concept of addiction, from an individual focus outwards to that of intra-personal problems affecting family members […]

Read More

Addiction and the Family

The Impact of Substance Abuse on Family Members The impact of addiction on family members varies. However, there are general issues which often arise in households where addiction is taking place: Unpredictability of the abuser Financial strain Disruption in the cohesion of parental and family relationships Emotional withdrawal of one […]

Read More

Effectiveness of Brief Interventions

Are Brief Interventions Effective? It is perhaps counter-intuitive to believe that a brief intervention can be as effective as long-term, residential, treatment. However, research suggests that: “Briefer and less costly treatment modalities appear to be at least as effective in treating undifferentiated alcohol problems, as more expensive approaches” (Bien et […]

Read More

Readiness to Change

How do You Know When Someone With an Addiction is Motivated to Change? A client displays his motivation by his behaviour, by what he does (or fails to do): “In general, we know that our clients are motivated when they get moving – take their medication as prescribed, go to […]

Read More

Kubler-Ross Grief Cycle Model

The Grief Cycle Model was developed in the 1960s by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, a Swiss psychologist who specialised in working with terminally ill cancer patients and their families. She noticed that both the cancer sufferers and their families tended to move through a similar emotional process. The really fascinating thing is […]

Read More

The Stages of Change

Recovery from addiction is essentially about profound change, on all levels. The Transtheoretical Model of Intentional Human Behaviour Change (DiClemente and Prochaska; 1985, 1998) is used by addictions counsellors all over the world to explain this process. The Transtheoretical Model of Intentional Human Behaviour Change Pre-contemplation: The active addict is […]

Read More

Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia Nervosa is a disorder in which eating binges are followed by self-induced vomiting or ‘purging.’ The DSM-IV-TR criteria are mostly about observable behaviours, but there is also a crucial psychological element, i.e. that the eating disordered individual determines self-esteem in relation to body weight. “People with bulimia are ashamed […]

Read More

Gambling Addiction

Pathological Gambling Pathological gambling is believed to affect an estimated 3%-5% of adult Americans (Slutske, Jackson, and Sher, 2003). Nor are pathological gamblers exclusively male. Studies in Spain and the USA have consistently found 30% – 35% of excessive gamblers to be women. Pathological gambling may involve a neuro-chemical component: […]

Read More